K3b linux что это



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K3b is a CD and DVD writing (‘burning’) application which provides a comfortable user interface to perform most CD/DVD burning tasks. Beginners may find comfort in the automatic settings and the reasonable K3b defaults which allow a quick start to be made.

Key Features

  • KDE-friendly application
  • Write data disks
  • Write audio disks
  • Write ‘images’ to disk (e.g. Linux distributions)
  • Copy disks
  • Rip and encode audio CDs

Screenshot

Installation

Using K3b

k3b is a front end for several applications that rip disks and write them. The following applies to music CDs on the compiled version of k3b:

Wodim is a disk writer. If you encounter the error «K3b error: Cdrecord has no permission to open the device» and your burn fails, it may mean that your disk is bad, or k3b has experienced some other kind of error. Throw the disk away (it is now unusable), close k3b, reopen it again, and try again. (Incidentally, k3b used to use cdrecord but now uses wodim; the error message is out-of-date.) You do NOT need to run k3b as root to have permission, as is suggested in several places if you research this error. (Running k3b as root for a «fix» requires you to throw the disk away, close k3 and start it again, and try another disk.)

cd-paranoia is a disk ripper. k3b’s implementation of cd-paranoia sometimes «gets stuck» on difficult CDs. If k3b shows no progress after a considerable period of time, consider quitting k3b and using cd-paranoia from the command line. Then use the k3b interface to add tags to the resulting .wav files.

When you have music files from different sources, you must use normalize to bring them all to the same volume level, or when you play the CD, you will have to adjust the volume for each track. However, k3b will not recognize the application «normalize-audio» because it checks the version, and the version is wrong.

To fix this, you must install a wrapper that returns the correct version to k3b. Create a file called «normalize-audio» which will be this script:

—version)
normalize —version | sed -e ‘s/normalize /normalize-audio /g’
;;

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K3b linux что это

K3b — модульное C++ / KDE (kdelibs) графическое приложение для записи CD-R/W, DVD-R/W и Blu-ray.

K3b является удобным графическим интерфейсом для нескольких консольных утилит, таких как: cdrecord (консольная утилита для записи данных на оптические диски) , growisofs (ядро набора консольных утилит dvd+rw-tools предназначенных для работы с DVD и Blu-ray дисками) , cdrdao (запись AudioCD или CD с данными в режиме disk-at-once (DAO) основываясь на текстовом описании содержимого CD) и некоторых других.

Так как K3b модульное приложение, то и большинство функциональных возможностей в нём реализовано с помощью подключаемых модулей и наличие тех или иных функций определяется самим пользователем.

Целью проекта K3b является предоставление пользователю надёжного и многофункционального инструмента, с простым и понятным пользовательским интерфейсом, для выполнения всего спектра задач связанных с записью дисков.

По словам разработчиков приложение «Оптимизировано для работы в KDE«, однако не входит не в один из компонентов окружения и без проблем может быть использовано в других средах рабочего стола (Gnome, Xfce и.т.д. ) . Разработка K3b начата в 2001 году, а в марте 2007 года вышел полноценный релиз K3b 1.0.

K3b поддерживает все форматы носителей, который поддерживаются имеющимся приводом CD/DVD. Для опытных пользователей предоставляется возможность полностью контролировать весь процесс записи, а для начинающих предоставляются рамные стандартные параметры для автоматического решения практически любых задач.

Интерфейс у K3b многопанельный и полностью настраиваемый (как и у большинства KDE приложений) , есть поддержка тем оформления.

В основном окне можно оставить кнопки запуска только часто используемых функций (все остальные функции будут доступны из контекстного меню) , в проект файлы можно добавлять как из файлового менеджера (в окне приложения) , так и перетаскиванием (функция Drag & Drop/Перетащи и брось) .

С помощью K3b можно записать данные на CD-R/W и DVD-R/W , делать копии CD или DVD (сделать копию содержимого диска на пустой диск или в файл образ) .

K3b позволяет создать файл образ или записать CD-R/W или DVD-R/W из существующего файла образа диска. Перед запуском процесса копирования можно изменить множество параметров копирования и записи (сразу включена поддержка файлов образов iso, cue и cdrdao images) .С помощью подключенных модулей K3b может записать звуковые компакт-диски, используя звуковые файлы форматов ogg, flac и mp3 (есть возможность перед записью переименовать аудиофайлы в проекте) .

Можно создавать видео DVD или SVCD из файлов с расширением .mpg, .mpeg, .avi и других. Созданные и записанные на диск DVD , SVCD или VCD видеофайлы можно воспроизводить на любом обычном проигрывателе DVD . Поддерживается CD и DVD Ripping/burning (Audio CDs в wav, ogg, flac, mp3 и др. ) , кодировка DVD в mpeg4, получение данных о CD из CDDB и многое другое.

K3b позволяет очистить CD-R/W и DVD-R/W (стирание или очистка CD или DVD удаляет все данные, содержащиеся на CD или DVD) , стирать CD-RW , DVD-RW (с одинарным или двойным слоем) , а так же DVD+RW (с одинарным или двойным слоем) .

K3b может делать проверку целостности данных. Проверка целостности «MD5«, CD или DVD позволяет убедиться в том что файлы, записанные на диск не были повреждены при записи (особенно важно при записи образов дисков) .

K3b имеет модуль интеграции с Amarok (многофункциональный проигрыватель аудиофайлов для KDE) позволяющий записывать Audio CD из окна плеера используя базу тегов (метаданных) . K3b может быть использовано и для прямой записи из Konqueror ( файловый менеджер и веб-браузер/компонент среды KDE) или Dolphin (KDE файловый менеджер использующийся «по умолчанию» с KDE 4.0) .

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K3b linux что это

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Введение

Если вы использовали программы для записи, такие как Nero под Windows, K3b покажется вам хорошо знакомой .

Благодаря простому, но мощному графическому интерфейсу,K3b предлагает различные варианты записи CD, DVD, или BD (Blu-ray диск). Поддерживаются различные типы проектов, в том числе (но не ограничиваясь), аудио и данные, видео проекты для DVD и VCD, а также мульти-сессионные и смешанные диски. K3b также имеет возможность стереть перезаписываемый диск и может выполнять более сложные задачи, такие как аудиовизуальные кодирования и декодирования.

Pre-setup

When you run K3b for the first time, you may find K3b informing you that no optical writer drivers have been found, meaning you will not be able to write to any optical discs. There is no need to panic as K3b will open the Permissions tab on the Programs page of the configuration dialog, where permissions can now be changed. In all modern systems, optical devices belong to a certain user group (e.g. «cdrom»). If the current user does not belong to this group, he is offered to add himself to it on this tab.

Configuring the User Interface

Upon starting K3b you are offered quick starts to the three most popular processes

K3b can perform much more than these tasks though, and so you may find that some of the other possibilities are just as useful to you. Take a look at this list for a taste of other available functions (click on the image to enlarge it):

Perhaps a quick start for one or more of these other tasks would be useful to you and so K3b can give you that, too. Simply right click on the application desktop, and here you will see a menu for adding buttons:

Configuring the internals

Most of the default settings can simply be left alone. It is however, recommended that you do take a look at the Advanced Settings page. Here you can set various important settings, if required.

  • Use Burnfree should be set — it controls the burn, ensuring that the buffer never gets dangerously low (which reduces the quantity of bad burns).
  • You may wish to automatically erase re-writable disks.
  • The option Do not eject medium after write process is invaluable if your drive is one that cannot be closed quickly enough for Verify to happen.

Preparing to burn a disk

When starting a new project, you should ensure that K3b has detected the correct optical media, such as CD or DVD. On the status line at the bottom of the screen you should see the size of disk which is currently set. If this is not correct, or you require a different size, simply right-click on it and set the preferred size from the provided list:

Now choose what is to be burnt.

The top half of the screen is the source pane; it functions like a file manager. You can choose ordinary files from mounted data volumes or audio tracks from inserted audio discs. Names of audio tracks are automatically read from CD-TEXT data, if your CD drive supports reading it, or generated using CDDB; the exact format is controlled by a button in the bottom pane. If the names are incorrect or simply do not match the description of the disc, you can edit them using the toolbar button. Your changes will be cached locally and submitted to the master registry at FreeDB. Internet connection fees apply.

Now that you have your sources at hand, simply drag and drop the files and directories you wish to burn onto the large pane to the right at the bottom; this is the model pane. Behold a tree of your chosen files forming to the left. Should there be some files or directories which you do not want to burn, these can be easily removed from the project by simply removing them from the panel at the bottom. Select the file to be removed (you can control-click to select multiple ones), then choose Remove from the context menu.

The top line will be the title of the disk. In many cases this will be fine, but if you would like to change this to something else, simply rename it using the context menu.

Final Steps

You are now ready to hit the Burn button.

You will see on my screenshot that no disk was present. When you have inserted the appropriate disk you will see a description of it on that line.

There are still one or two choices to be made. I would recommend that you set Verify written data, then hit the Save icon at the bottom of the screen, ensuring that it becomes your personal default. For most modern drives it’s safe to leave mode and speed to Auto. If you may wish to burn another copy of the disk at a later date, select Create image, which will save having to set up the burn again. Set the number of copies you want to burn, then, when you are satisfied, hit Burn.

Burning an Audio CD

This page tells you how to burn an audio CD from your stored files.

Источник

K3b linux что это

Содержание

Introduction

If you have used a burning program such as Nero under Windows, K3b will feel quite familiar.

Featuring a simple, yet powerful graphical interface, K3b provides various options for burning a CD, DVD, or BD (Blu-ray disc). Various types of optical projects are supported including (but not limited to) audio and data, video projects for DVD and VCD, as well as multi-session and mixed-mode discs. K3b also has the ability to erase re-writable media and can perform more complicated tasks such as audiovisual encoding and decoding.

Pre-setup

When you run K3b for the first time, you may find K3b informing you that no optical writer drivers have been found, meaning you will not be able to write to any optical discs. There is no need to panic as K3b will open the Permissions tab on the Programs page of the configuration dialog, where permissions can now be changed. In all modern systems, optical devices belong to a certain user group (e.g. «cdrom»). If the current user does not belong to this group, he is offered to add himself to it on this tab.

Configuring the User Interface

Upon starting K3b you are offered quick starts to the three most popular processes

K3b can perform much more than these tasks though, and so you may find that some of the other possibilities are just as useful to you. Take a look at this list for a taste of other available functions (click on the image to enlarge it):

Perhaps a quick start for one or more of these other tasks would be useful to you and so K3b can give you that, too. Simply right click on the application desktop, and here you will see a menu for adding buttons:

Configuring the internals

Most of the default settings can simply be left alone. It is however, recommended that you do take a look at the Advanced Settings page. Here you can set various important settings, if required.

  • Use Burnfree should be set — it controls the burn, ensuring that the buffer never gets dangerously low (which reduces the quantity of bad burns).
  • You may wish to automatically erase re-writable disks.
  • The option Do not eject medium after write process is invaluable if your drive is one that cannot be closed quickly enough for Verify to happen.

Preparing to burn a disk

When starting a new project, you should ensure that K3b has detected the correct optical media, such as CD or DVD. On the status line at the bottom of the screen you should see the size of disk which is currently set. If this is not correct, or you require a different size, simply right-click on it and set the preferred size from the provided list:

Now choose what is to be burnt.

The top half of the screen is the source pane; it functions like a file manager. You can choose ordinary files from mounted data volumes or audio tracks from inserted audio discs. Names of audio tracks are automatically read from CD-TEXT data, if your CD drive supports reading it, or generated using CDDB; the exact format is controlled by a button in the bottom pane. If the names are incorrect or simply do not match the description of the disc, you can edit them using the toolbar button. Your changes will be cached locally and submitted to the master registry at FreeDB. Internet connection fees apply.

Now that you have your sources at hand, simply drag and drop the files and directories you wish to burn onto the large pane to the right at the bottom; this is the model pane. Behold a tree of your chosen files forming to the left. Should there be some files or directories which you do not want to burn, these can be easily removed from the project by simply removing them from the panel at the bottom. Select the file to be removed (you can control-click to select multiple ones), then choose Remove from the context menu.

The top line will be the title of the disk. In many cases this will be fine, but if you would like to change this to something else, simply rename it using the context menu.

Final Steps

You are now ready to hit the Burn button.

You will see on my screenshot that no disk was present. When you have inserted the appropriate disk you will see a description of it on that line.

There are still one or two choices to be made. I would recommend that you set Verify written data, then hit the Save icon at the bottom of the screen, ensuring that it becomes your personal default. For most modern drives it’s safe to leave mode and speed to Auto. If you may wish to burn another copy of the disk at a later date, select Create image, which will save having to set up the burn again. Set the number of copies you want to burn, then, when you are satisfied, hit Burn.

Burning an Audio CD

This page tells you how to burn an audio CD from your stored files.

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