Kdbx чем открыть linux
Kdbx чем открыть linux
KeePassXC is a modern, secure, and open-source password manager that stores and manages your most sensitive information.
You can run KeePassXC on Windows, macOS, and Linux systems. KeePassXC is for people with extremely high demands of secure personal data management. It saves many different types of information, such as usernames, passwords, URLs, attachments, and notes in an offline, encrypted file that can be stored in any location, including private and public cloud solutions.
For easy identification and management, user-defined titles and icons can be specified for entries. In addition, entries are sorted in customizable groups. An integrated search function allows you to use advanced patterns to easily find any entry in your database. A customizable, fast, and easy-to-use password generator utility allows you to create passwords with any combination of characters or easy to remember passphrases.
The QuickStart Guide gets you started using KeePassXC on your Windows, macOS, or Linux computer using pre-compiled binaries from the downloads page. Additionally, individual Linux distributions may ship their own versions, so please check your distribution’s package list to see if KeePassXC is available. Detailed documentation is available in the User Guide.
KeePassXC has numerous features for novice and power users alike. Our goal is to create an application that can be used by anyone while still offering advanced features to those that need them.
- Create, open, and save databases in the KDBX format (KeePass compatible to KDBX4 and KDBX3)
- Store sensitive information in entries that are organized by groups
- Search for entries
- Password generator
- Auto-Type passwords into applications
- Browser integration with Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Chromium, Vivaldi, Brave, and Tor-Browser
- Entry icon download
- Import databases from CSV, 1Password, and KeePass1 formats
- Database reports (password health, HIBP, and statistics)
- Database export to CSV and HTML formats
- TOTP storage and generation
- Field references between entries
- File attachments and custom attributes
- Entry history and data restoration
- YubiKey/OnlyKey challenge-response support
- Command line interface (keepassxc-cli)
- Auto-Open databases
- KeeShare shared databases (import, export, and synchronize)
- SSH Agent integration
- FreeDesktop.org Secret Service (replace Gnome keyring, etc.)
- Additional encryption choices: Twofish and ChaCha20
KeePassXC has the following runtime requirements:
- Qt5 (5.6 or newer)
- libgcrypt (1.8 or newer)
- libxi, libxtst, qtx11extras (optional, for Auto-Type on X11/Linux)
- libyubikey, libykpers-1 (optional, for YubiKey support)
When using the AppImage or Snap Package release, these dependencies are already bundled with the application.
For building KeePassXC from source code, the following build-time dependencies are also required:
- cmake (3.1 or newer)
- g++ (5.3 or newer) or clang++ (4.0 or newer)
- headers for all runtime dependencies (*-dev or *-devel packages)
For detailed and up-to-date build instructions (also for other platforms), visit our GitHub wiki.
Installation / Portability
KeePass 2.x installation, uninstallation, portability and updates.
When downloading KeePass, you have the choice between 3 different packages:
- KeePass-2.xx-Setup.exe: An installer program for Windows.
- KeePass-2.xx.zip: A KeePass ZIP package (portable version).
- KeePass-2.xx-Source.zip: The source code.
The installer and the portable version are described in detail below.
The source code package contains everything you need to compile KeePass. It includes the C#/C++ source code and header files, resource files, sources for building the installer, etc.
When a new KeePass version has been released, you can update your existing KeePass installation, without losing any configuration settings. The steps are depending on which package you are using (installer or portable), see below.
Translations should also be updated when you install a new KeePass version. You can find the latest translation files here: KeePass Translations.
Installer program (KeePass-2.xx-Setup.exe file)
The KeePass development team provides an installer, which copies KeePass to your hard disk, creates shortcuts in the start menu and associates KDBX files with KeePass, if desired.
Additionally, KeePass is automatically configured to store its settings in the application data directory of the current user. This way multiple users can use one KeePass installation without overwriting each other’s settings (each user has his own configuration file). The setup program must run with administrative rights, however KeePass runs fine without administrative rights once it is installed.
To install KeePass, run the KeePass-2.xx-Setup.exe file and follow the wizard.
Run the KeePass-2.xx-Setup.exe file. You do not need to uninstall the old version first. Your configuration options will not be lost.
In order to uninstall KeePass, run the uninstallation program, which is accessible by a shortcut in the start menu folder of KeePass, or in the program section of the system control panel. If you also want to remove your configuration settings, you need to delete the configuration file in the application data directory of your user profile, see Configuration.
The KeePass installer KeePass-2.xx-Setup.exe supports command line switches for silent installation, i.e. the program gets installed without asking the user for target directory or association options. The default settings of the installer are used.
The /SILENT command line switch performs a silent installation and shows a status dialog during the setup process. No questions will be asked though.
The /VERYSILENT command line switch performs a silent installation and does not show a status dialog during the setup process.
The installer allows to choose the destination path to which KeePass is installed. However, when the installer detects an existing KeePass installation, it assumes that the user wants to perform an upgrade and thus doesn’t display the destination path selection page; the old version will be overwritten by the new version. If you want to move an existing KeePass installation to a different path, first uninstall the old version; the installer of the new version will then display the destination path selection page again.
The installation options/components are explained in detail here: What do the 2.x installation options/components mean in detail?.
Portable version (KeePass-2.xx.zip file)
The portable version can be carried around on portable devices (like USB sticks) and runs on any computer directly from the device, without any installation . It doesn’t store anything on your system (in contrast to the setup package, see above). KeePass doesn’t create any new registry keys and it doesn’t create any configuration files in your Windows or application data directory of your user profile.
Make sure that KeePass has write access to its application directory. Otherwise, if it doesn’t have, it’ll attempt to store the configuration options (nothing security-relevant though) into the application data directory of the currently logged on user. For more about that, see this page: Configuration.
KeePass does not need to be installed. Just download the ZIP package, unpack it with your favorite ZIP program and KeePass is ready to be used. Copy it to a location of your choice (for example onto your USB stick); no additional configuration or installation is needed.
Download the latest portable package of KeePass, unpack it and copy all new files over the old ones. Your configuration settings will not be lost (the settings are stored in the KeePass.config.xml file, which won’t be overwritten, because KeePass ZIP packages don’t include a KeePass.config.xml file).
Simply delete the KeePass folder.
Running KeePass under Mono (Linux, MacOS, BSD, . )
In addition to Windows, KeePass 2.x runs under Mono, i.e. Linux, MacOS, BSD, etc.
Links to all supported packages can be found on the Downloads page.
- Debian/Ubuntu Linux:
Install the keepass2 / KeePass 2.x for Debian/Ubuntu Linux package (e.g. using APT). A link to a page with more information about this package can be found on the downloads page.
Install the keepass package (from the Fedora repository; link on the downloads page).
Install the keepass package (from the OpenSUSE Mono repository; link on the downloads page).
Install the keepass package (from the Gentoo Linux repository; link on the downloads page).
Install the keepass package (from the Arch Linux repository; link on the downloads page).
Install the KeePass 2.x for MacOS package (link on the downloads page).
Install the keepass package (from the FreeBSD ports tree or binary pkg repository; link on the downloads page).
In order to run KeePass, follow these steps:
- Install Mono ≥ 2.6 (older versions will not work and are not supported). Depending on your platform, the packages to install are called mono-stable , MonoFramework , mono-devel or mono-2.0-devel ; see the Mono project page, if you are unsure which packages to install.
- On some platforms, the Windows Forms implementation (System.Windows.Forms) is offered as a separate package. KeePass requires this package; so if you see one, install it, too.
- On some platforms, the Runtime namespace (System.Runtime) is offered as a separate package. KeePass requires this package; so if you see one, install it, too.
- If you want to use auto-type on Linux/MacOS/BSD/etc., you additionally need the xdotool package.
- Download the portable version of KeePass (ZIP package) and unpack it to a location of your choice.
- When being in the KeePass directory, run the command line » mono KeePass.exe «. Alternatively, right-click onto the KeePass.exe file, choose «Open with Other Application» and type in mono as custom command.
For the last step you might want to create a shortcut or shell script file with this command line (use an absolute path to KeePass.exe , if the shortcut / shell script file is in a different location).
On some systems, Mono’s clipboard routines don’t work properly. In this case, install the xsel and xdotool packages. If these are installed, KeePass uses them for clipboard operations.
In order to use global auto-type, you need to create an appropriate system-wide hot key. This only needs to be done manually once. KeePass performs global auto-type when it’s invoked with the —auto-type command line option.
Some examples how to create a system-wide hot key for global auto-type, for different operating systems:
- KDE. On Linux systems with KDE, the hot key can be created in Computer → System Settings → Shortcuts and Gestures: in this dialog, go Edit → New → Global Shortcut → Command/URL, specify the shortcut on the Trigger tab and enter
mono /YourPathToKeePass/KeePass.exe —auto-type
into the Command/URL field on the Action tab.
- Ubuntu Linux ≥ 11.04 (Unity/GNOME). Open the dialog Keyboard Shortcuts in the system preferences, click the Add button, enter KeePass Auto-Type as name and
mono /YourPathToKeePass/KeePass.exe —auto-type
as command, then click [Apply]. Click on Disabled of the newly created item (such that the text ‘New shortcut. ‘ appears), press Ctrl + Alt + A , and close the dialog.
- Ubuntu Linux ≤ 10.10 (GNOME).
- Press Alt + F2 , enter gconf-editor and click [OK].
- Navigate to apps → metacity → keybinding_commands .
- Double-click one of the command_i items, enter
mono /YourPathToKeePass/KeePass.exe —auto-type
and click [OK].
- Click the global_keybindings node on the left.
- Double-click the appropriate run_command_i item (for example, when you’ve used command_5 in the previous steps, double-click run_command_5 now) and specify the hot key of your choice. For example, to use Ctrl + Alt + A as hot key, you’d enter a .
Important: for global auto-type, the version of the xdotool package must be 2.20100818.3004 or higher! If your distribution only offers an older version, you can download and install the latest version of the package manually, see the xdotool website.
Auto-Type on Wayland:
If you want to use auto-type on a system with a Wayland compositor, see the Auto-Type on Wayland page.
For fast key transformations using AES-KDF, make sure that the libgcrypt library is installed.
For fast key transformations using Argon2, make sure that the libargon2 library is installed.
On some Linux systems, the mono-complete package may be required for plugins to work properly.
For TLS 1.2 support, Mono 4.8.0 or higher (or .NET Framework 4.5 or higher) is required.
On some Linux systems, the ttf-mscorefonts-installer package may be required.
Running KeePass under Wine (Linux, MacOS, BSD, . )
Although you can run KeePass 2.x more or less natively on Unix-like systems using Mono (see above), the user interface does not always look pretty. Some users therefore prefer running KeePass 2.x under Wine.
In order to run KeePass 2.x under Wine, follow these steps:
- Make sure that Wine is installed. Typically the package to install is called wine .
- Make sure that .NET Framework 4.5 or higher is installed in Wine, see WineHQ AppDB: .NET Framework.
For installing .NET Framework 4.5, winetricks can be used, see WineHQ AppDB: .NET Framework 4.5.
- Download the latest portable package of KeePass 2.x (ZIP file) and unpack it into some directory of your choice.
- Run wine KeePass.exe .
Theme. By default, Wine uses the classic Windows theme. If you prefer some other theme, you can install it in ‘Applications’ → ‘Wine’ → ‘Configure Wine’ → tab ‘Desktop Integration’. Links to themes can for instance be found on Wikipedia: Windows XP visual styles.
Auto-Type. Wine currently does not implement all Windows API functions required for auto-type, i.e. auto-type does not work when running KeePass under Wine.
KeePass-2.xx.zip ). Unpack it to some location, e.g. a folder E:\KeePass on your USB stick.
In order to run KeePass on a PC without .NET support, simply plug in the USB stick and run the batch file.
The approach above should be seen as the very last possibility to run KeePass 2.x. Installing .NET support (either the .NET Framework or Mono) is highly recommended instead!
Migrating from KeePass 1.x to 2.x
In order to migrate from KeePass 1.x to 2.x, follow these steps:
- Install KeePass 2.x.
If you’re using the installer, make sure that the component ‘Native Support Library’ is being installed (by default this component is enabled).
- Run KeePass 2.x and create a new KDBX database file (via ‘File’ → ‘New’).
- Import your old KDB database file into your new KDBX database file (via ‘File’ → ‘Import’, file format ‘KeePass KDB (1.x)’).
If everything works fine, you can delete your old KeePass 1.x installation. The old KDB database file also isn’t required anymore, but you may want to keep it as a backup.